The Essential Facts: Garland, Texas

Garland-Anasazi Ruins

Lets visit Chaco Canyon in NM from Garland, TX. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells, dammed in areas created in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an intermittently flowing creek that formed the canyon and Chaco Wash. The arroyo also had ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a network of ditches. The timber sources that were essential for building roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the Chacoan fluorescence because of drought or deforestation. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut down the trees. They then dried them and returned to the canyon to lug all of them home. It was a difficult task considering that every tree had to be carried by several folks and took a time that is long. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of construction at a level never before seen in this region, it was only one component of the larger linked area that led to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements away from canyon with great mansions, grand kivas, and the same stone design and magnificence whilst the ones inside. These sites, although most common in the San Juan Basin were spread over an area greater than England's Colorado Plateau. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They levelled and dug the bottom, and quite often added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings within and outside the canyon. They then extended outwards in beautiful sections that are straight. Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the walls of cliffs to maintain the straightness of the roadways, even when the steep terrains found in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other landforms, e.g., the American Southwest's mesas, intersected with their route. This approach was extremely difficult and many roads were not wide enough is used for foot transport. Many roadways were also much wider than necessary. Some very nice houses were placed within sight of each other and shrines that are nearby. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal areas that are distant sunlight reflection or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a dominant position in Chaco Canyon. Aligning roadways and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon in critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes has been a common practice. This included structure to the Chacoan landscape. For example, the wall that is front of Bonito's great house is aligned north-south and east-west, while the location lies west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a kiva that is grand of meters in diameter, situated within the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are arranged on a north-south line and two doors outside aligned eastward. The rising sun can only pass through Casa Rinconada during the morning of the equinox. (Restoration work carried out within the canyon does not indicate if this alignment was current).

Garland, Texas is located in Dallas county, and includes a residents of 239928, and rests within the more Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK metropolitan area. The median age is 34.3, with 14.5% of the residents under 10 years old, 15.3% between 10-19 years old, 14.1% of town residents in their 20’s, 13.6% in their 30's, 12.7% in their 40’s, 12.9% in their 50’s, 9.5% in their 60’s, 5.1% in their 70’s, and 2.4% age 80 or older. 49.6% of town residents are male, 50.4% women. 49.5% of residents are reported as married married, with 12.8% divorced and 33.2% never married. The % of women and men identified as widowed is 4.5%.
The average household size in Garland, TX is 3.71 family members, with 62.5% being the owner of their particular residences. The average home appraisal is $160753. For those people renting, they pay an average of $1133 monthly. 59.1% of families have two sources of income, and a median domestic income of $61211. Average individual income is $28980. 13.2% of town residents live at or beneath the poverty line, and 9.2% are considered disabled. 5.2% of residents of the town are former members of this military.