Delving Into Hawthorne, CA

The labor force participation rate in Hawthorne is 70.1%, with an unemployment rate of 6%. For many when you look at the work force, the common commute time is 30.5 minutes. 6.5% of Hawthorne’s population have a graduate diploma, and 15.8% have a bachelors degree. For those without a college degree, 30.8% have at least some college, 24.5% have a high school diploma, and only 22.4% have received an education less than high school. 12.6% are not included in health insurance.
The average family unit size in Hawthorne, CA is 3.74 family members members, with 27.3% owning their very own residences. The mean home appraisal is $563906. For people paying rent, they spend on average $1261 per month. 56.9% of homes have two sources of income, and a median household income of $54215. Median individual income is $26858. 15.4% of town residents exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 9.6% are handicapped. 3.3% of residents of the town are former members associated with the armed forces of the United States.

A Chaco Culture Book With Game About Chaco National Park (NW New Mexico)

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Park in New Mexico from Hawthorne, CA. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater gathered in the Chaco Wash was kept in the Chaco arroyo, an intermittently flowing river, along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and top floors, but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach coniferous forests west and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a difficult task as each tree needed to be transported. Chacoan also needed to construct and repair a total of ten large houses and kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a small section of what is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a tiny section of the canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the same style as the ones in the canyon. However, they tend to be smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the largest number of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and adding brick or earthen curves to link them to each other. The roads ran amazingly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Chacoans relocated to settlements to the north, south, and west that had less limited environments, reflecting Chacoan influence at the time. Droughts that lasted far into the 13th century CE hampered the re-creation of an integrated system akin to Chaco's and led to the scattering of Chacoan peoples across the Southwest. Their descendants, current Puebloan peoples mostly living in Arizona and New Mexico, regard Chaco as part of their ancestral homeland, a relationship confirmed by oral history traditions passed down from generation to generation. Significant vandalism occurred in the canyon in the second half of the nineteenth century CE, with people tearing down sections of great house wall space, gaining access to areas, and destroying their contents. The impact of the devastation was evident in archaeological excavations and surveys starting in 1896 CE, which led to the establishment of the Chaco Canyon National Monument in 1907 CE, putting an end to unregulated looting and allowing systematic archaeological studies to be done. In 1980 CE, the monument was extended and renamed the Chaco Culture National Historical Park, and it was included to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 CE. By returning to honor the spirits of their ancestors, Puebloan descendants retain their particular connection to a land that serves as a living memory of the shared past.