Vital Numbers: Medford

Let's Go See Northwest New Mexico's Chaco Culture Park By Way Of

Medford, MA

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Park in NM from Medford. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   There were sandstone that is natural as well as rainwater from the arroyo, which was a flowing stream that carved the canyon and created the Chaco Wash. It then became a mess with a number of ditches. The timber sources that were essential for building the roofs were once abundant, but they disappeared during Chacoan fluorescence due to deforestation and drought. Chacoans walked 80 km to reach the southern and western coniferous forests. They cut down and then dried and peeled them for several hours before returning to the canyon to transport them. It is a undertaking that is huge as each tree had becoming hauled by dozens of individuals over numerous days. This was in addition towards the nearly 200,000 trees that were destroyed during construction and repair of twelve big homes and large kivas. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. The Chaco Canyon had a level that is high of density, something that had not been seen in this area before. However, it was only one part of the bigger linked region which formed the civilisation in Chaco. Nearly 200 other settlements, with large homes and kivas of the style that is same the ones in the canyon, existed outside the canyon. However they were smaller scaled. These sites are the most common in the San Juan Basin. However, the certain area they covered was larger than that of the English region. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these grouped communities to one another. They dug and levelled the ground below and added storage or steel bays. They were visible in many homes that are large the canyon, and they radiate amazingly straight. Some places may have been utilized as observatories. This enabled Chacoans, who were ready to take notice of the sun's movement ahead of every solstice or equinox. The knowledge could be useful in planning agricultural and activities that are ceremonial. The most famous of them each is the "Sun Dagger", petroglyphs made from rock pictures by cutting or similar, located near Fajada Butte. This large landform is at the canyon’s eastern entrance. At the summit tend to be two spiral petroglyphs, and that can be either bisected or framework by sun shafts ("daggers") that flow through three granite slabs. These petroglyphs appear on each of the solstice/equinox day. Pictographs, rock pictures created by artwork or similar means of showing evidence of Chacoans awareness that is cosmic are located on canyon walls. Pictogram 1 is the star, which presumably shows a supernova of 1054 CE. This event would have been visible for a long time. This idea is supported by the near keeping of another pictogram for a crescent moon, given that moon was nevertheless in its crescent phase at the time and appeared to be very close to supernovae within the sky.

The average household size in Medford, MA is 3 family members, with 56.2% owning their own houses. The average home appraisal is $502360. For people leasing, they pay out on average $1817 monthly. 63.9% of homes have dual incomes, and the average household income of $96455. Median individual income is $46623. 8.8% of residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 8.4% are considered disabled. 3.7% of residents of the town are former members of this armed forces of the United States.