Rochester, New York: A Survey

Rochester, NY-Anasazi Ruins

Lets visit Chaco Culture National Monument from Rochester, NY. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater built-up in the Chaco Wash was stored in the Chaco arroyo, an river that is intermittently flowing along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and top floors, but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach coniferous forests west and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a difficult task as each tree needed to be transported. Chacoan also needed to construct and repair a total of ten large houses and kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a small section of what is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a section that is tiny of canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the style that is same the ones in the canyon. However, they tend to be smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the number that is largest of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and adding brick or earthen curves to link them every single other. The roads ran amazingly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Chacoans built ramps or stairs in to the cliff walls to preserve the route's linearity, even when terrains that are steep are characteristic of the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other features. Given the difficulty involved in such an approach and the fact that many roads were not clearly marked for pedestrian transit, some were nearly 9 meters wide, it is possible the roads played a symbolic or function that is spiritual leading pilgrims to special events or rituals. Many great houses were placed within sight of each other and shrines that are nearby. This allowed for faster communication by allowing distant homes and areas to be signalled using light or fire. Fajada butte is a prominent presence in Chaco Canyon. A common practice was to align structures with the cardinal directions along with the positions of sun and moon during important times such solstices and equinoxes. This added connectivity and structure to the Chacoan universe. The location of the Great House Pueblo Bonito is west of Chetro Ktl. However, its front wall and wall that separates the Plaza are respectively oriented north-south and east-west. Casa Rinconada is a great kiva that measures 19 meters in diameter, located inside the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors, one set on a north-south line, and two doors externally that are oriented east/west. The rising sun can only pass through these doors whenever the equinox happens (repair work carried call at this area does not confirm if the latter was there during Chacoan times).

Rochester, New York is located in Monroe county, and includes a population of 703952, and exists within the greater Rochester-Batavia-Seneca Falls, NY metro area. The median age is 32, with 12.7% for the residents under ten years of age, 13.3% between ten-19 years old, 20.5% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 14.8% in their thirties, 10.7% in their 40’s, 12.1% in their 50’s, 8.9% in their 60’s, 4.6% in their 70’s, and 2.6% age 80 or older. 48.5% of residents are men, 51.5% women. 23.6% of inhabitants are recorded as married married, with 14.9% divorced and 56.4% never wedded. The % of citizens confirmed as widowed is 5.1%.
The labor pool participation rate in Rochester is 62.3%, with an unemployment rate of 10.2%. For those located in the work force, the typical commute time is 20.2 minutes. 10.7% of Rochester’s population have a graduate degree, and 14.4% posses a bachelors degree. Among the people without a college degree, 29% attended at least some college, 26.3% have a high school diploma, and only 19.6% have an education significantly less than senior school. 5.2% are not covered by medical insurance.
The typical family size in Rochester, NY is 3.2 household members, with 36.4% owning their very own dwellings. The average home value is $82448. For those people paying rent, they pay on average $848 per month. 42% of families have two incomes, and a median household income of $35590. Median income is $22140. 31.3% of town residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 18.7% are handicapped. 4.3% of citizens are veterans associated with US military.