South Hill: A Marvelous Place to Work

A Historical Video Program About Chaco National Park (NW New Mexico)

Lets visit NW New Mexico's Chaco National Historical Park from South Hill. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected in wells, dammed in areas created in the Chaco clean (an intermittently flowing creek), and ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a series ditches. The canyon was once home to timber sources that were essential for roof construction and higher-story levels. However, these sources vanished around the Chacoan fluorescence due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried them and gone back to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that each tree required multiple-day vacation and more than 200k trees were used throughout the construction of and renovations of three centuries worth of canyon houses and great kiva. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. This area is only a part of the larger interconnected region that gave rise to the Chacoan civilisation although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of architecture. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, great kivas, in addition to same brick style and design as the ones found within the canyon. These sites are most common in the San Juan Basin. Nevertheless, the area they covered was larger than England's. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They excavated and levelled the ground, and quite often added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings located within the canyon and extended outwards in beautiful sections that are straight. Chacoans moved to areas to the west, north and south that were less remote, reflecting Chacoan influences at the time. The persistence of droughts into the 13th Century CE hindered the creation of an integrated system similar to Chaco's. This led to the dispersion of Chacoan communities across the Southwest. Current Puebloan populations residing in Arizona and New Mexico consider Chaco to be part of their ancestral homeland. This is confirmed through oral histories that have been passed down generation after generation. The 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon in the second half. People tore down large house walls and gained access to their rooms. In 1896 CE archaeological surveys and excavations revealed the extent of the destruction. This led to establishment of Chaco Canyon nationwide Monument (in 1907 CE), which put an end to looting that is illegal allowed systematic archaeological research to take place. The monument was extended in 1980 CE and renamed Chaco Culture National Historical Park. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List for 1987 CE. Puebloan descendants can honor their ancestral spirits by returning into the land to preserve their connections to it.

The typical family unit size in South Hill, WA is 3.4 residential members, with 74.1% being the owner of their own dwellings. The mean home cost is $303078. For those leasing, they pay on average $1536 per month. 59.2% of homes have dual incomes, and a median domestic income of $86568. Average income is $40599. 6.5% of town residents exist at or below the poverty line, and 11.4% are handicapped. 12.9% of residents of the town are veterans for the US military.
South Hill, WA is situated in Pierce county, and includes a populace of 60172, and exists within the higher Seattle-Tacoma, WA metro area. The median age is 34.6, with 14.9% for the populace under 10 years old, 16% between 10-nineteen several years of age, 12.2% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 14.8% in their 30's, 12.9% in their 40’s, 12.2% in their 50’s, 9.8% in their 60’s, 4.6% in their 70’s, and 2.4% age 80 or older. 48.7% of residents are male, 51.3% women. 56.5% of citizens are reported as married married, with 12.1% divorced and 27.4% never wedded. The percent of residents confirmed as widowed is 4%.